RSA keys can be typically 1024 or 2048 bits long, but experts believe that 1024 bit keys could be broken in the near future. RSA is motivated by Most impor-tantly, RSA implements a public-key cryptosystem, as well as digital signatures. The algorithm capitalizes on the fact that there is no efficient way to factor very large (100-200 digit) numbers. 2.RSA scheme is block cipher in which the plaintext and ciphertext are integers between 0 and n-1 for same n. 3.Typical size of n is 1024 bits. Step-2: Compute the value of and It is given as, It is public key cryptography as one of the keys involved is made public. i.e n<2. Under protocols like OpenVPN, TLS handshakes can use the RSA algorithm to exchange keys and establish a secure channel. It is an asymmetric cryptographic algorithm.Asymmetric means that there are two different keys.This is also called public key cryptography, because one of the keys can be given to anyone.The other key must be kept private. Example-1: Step-1: Choose two prime number and Lets take and . This is actually the smallest possible value for the modulus n for which the RSA algorithm works. Let us learn the mechanism behind RSA algorithm : >> Generating Public Key : Select two prime no's. The background of RSA encryption As we mentioned at the start of this article, before public-key encryption, it was a challenge to communicate securely if there hadn’t been a chance to safely exchange keys beforehand. This d can always be determined (if e was chosen with the restriction described above)—for example with the extended Euclidean algorithm.. Encryption and decryption. Now First part of the Public key : n = P*Q = 3127. Hence the ciphertext c = 13. Using an encryption key (e,n), the algorithm is as follows: Internally, this method works only with numbers (no text), which are between 0 and n.. Encrypting a message m (number) with the public key (n, e) is calculated: . For example, it is easy to check that 31 and 37 multiply to 1147, but trying to find the factors of 1147 is a much longer process. To check decryption we compute m' = c d mod n = 13 7 mod 33 = 7. RSA algorithm is an asymmetric cryptography algorithm which means, there should be two keys involve while communicating, i.e., public key and private key. There are simple steps to solve problems on the RSA Algorithm. 4.Description of Algorithm: There are simple steps to solve problems on the RSA Algorithm. 1.Most widely accepted and implemented general purpose approach to public key encryption developed by Rivest-Shamir and Adleman (RSA) at MIT university. But till now it seems to be an infeasible task. RSA algorithm is an asymmetric cryptography algorithm which means, there should be two keys involve while communicating, i.e., public key and private key. The RSA Algorithm The Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (RSA) algorithm is one of the most popular and secure public-key encryption methods. Suppose P = 53 and Q = 59. A C program depicting the working of RSA algorithm with small prime numbers is available here.In order to understand the working of the real RSA algorithm with the use of large prime numbers, a C code using GMP library is available here.This program implements RSA-1024 by generating random prime numbers p and q of 512 bits each followed by encryption and decryption. Now say we want to encrypt the message m = 7, c = m e mod n = 7 3 mod 33 = 343 mod 33 = 13. The RSA Algorithm Evgeny Milanov 3 June 2009 In 1978, Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Leonard Adleman introduced a cryptographic algorithm, which was essentially to replace the less secure National Bureau of Standards (NBS) algorithm. RSA stands for Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir and Leonard Adleman who first publicly described it in 1978. It is based on the principle that it is easy to multiply large numbers, but factoring large numbers is very difficult. Coding the RSA Algorithm. 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