Ytterbium is readily attacked and dissolved by dilute and concentrated mineral acids and reacts slowly with water. It is a rare earth element, and it is readily dissolved by the strong mineral acids. Occurrence . Ytterbium has a bright silvery luster, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. Chemical Properties of Ytterbium. Journal of the Less Common Metals 1970, 21 (4) , ... Mass Spectrometric Study of Heats of Sublimation of Dysprosium, Samarium, Thulium, and Ytterbium. The chemical symbol for Ytterbium is Yb. Ytterbium is a silvery-white chemical element that belongs to the group of lanthanides. Ytterbium is found in minerals such as yttria, monazite, gadolinite and xenotime. ... 1.8 Other Chemical Properties. Chemical Properties. Safety information to be noted about these particles is that they are harmful if inhaled and if they come in contact with skin or eyes. Ytterbium nanoparticles have interesting magnetic and optical properties, with applications in imaging and biomedical science. Image showing periodicity of element-element diatomic bond energies for the chemical elements as size-coded columns on a periodic table grid. It is attacked by the strong acids and reacts slowly with cold water and air. Properties: Yttrium has a metallic silver luster. Yttrium and Ytterbium chemical properties are one of the most important characteristics. Metallic ytterbium dust poses a fire and explosion hazard. Find information on Ytterbium including chemical element properties like atomic weight and a list of compounds that contain Ytterbium. The atomic number of ytterbium is 70. 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Chemical Properties. It reacts slowly with cold water and it oxidizes slowly in air. Ytterbium, a silvery white metal is electropositive which reacts with water to form ytterbium hydroxide. Ytterbium (Yb), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Numerous atoms present in the element made the clock more stable. Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and rather ductile element that exhibits a bright silvery luster. Yb2O3is in white color and t… Few alloys of Ytterbium are used in dentistry. Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 50.3. Uses of Ytterbium. Physical properties of Ytterbium differ widely when compared to other elements. Home. One ytterbium isotope has been used as a radiation source substitute for a portable X-ray machine when electricity was not available. Ytterbium is readily attacked and dissolved by dilute and concentrated mineral acids and reacts slowly with water. The electrical resistance of ytterbium is increased when it is subjected to high stresses. Notes. The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface when reacted or oxidized in air. Usually, elements will have ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic properties at low temperatures but it is paramagnetic at a temperature of 0.1 Kelvin. Phone: +971 4 429 5853 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Copyright © 1998-2020 Lenntech B.V. All rights reserved, Plant Inspection & Process Optimalisation, Separation and Concentration Purification Request. The following tables list the chemical properties of ytterbium fluoride. It is most often recovered commercially from monazite sand (0.03% ytterbium). It is a white silvery, soft, ductile and rare earth metal. Characteristics Physical properties. Ytterbium clocks are the World’s most stable atomic clock. It has the atomic symbol Yb, atomic number 70, and atomic weight 173. The melting point of ytterbium is 1,097 degrees Kelvin or 824.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. Ytterbium chemical properties define its chemical formula, isotopes, oxides, electronegativity Like other rare-earth elements, it can be used to dope phosphors, or for ceramic capacitors and other electronic devices, and it can even act as an industrial catalyst. Ytterbium is a lanthanide element. Even though the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in closed containers to protect it from air and moisture. It reacts with all halogens and form dihalides and trihalides. Mechanical properties of polycrystalline ytterbium from 78° to 525°K. Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers 2020 , 7 (17) , 3136-3145. It is used as a doping agent to improve the strength, grain refinement and mechanical properties of stainless steel. It reacts … The chemical symbol for ytterbium is Yb. It is a silvery, lustrous, malleable and ductile metal that oxidizes slowly in air and reacts with water. Ytterbium has three allotropic forms with transformation points at -13°C and 795°C: The beta form is a room-temperature, face-centered, cubic modification, while the high-temperature gamma form is a body-cente… Ytterbium is a chemical element with atomic number 70 which means there are 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. Ytterbium has few uses. Ytterbium has a bright silvery luster, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. Because of its closed-shell electron configuration, its density and melting and boiling points differ significantly from those of most other lanthanides. Ytterbium poses no threat to plants and animals and its salts are being introduced into the chemical industry as catalysts in place of ones that are regarded as toxic and polluting. It is relatively stable in the air except when finely divided. On the periodic table, Ytterbium is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element. Daane, Dennison, and Spedding prepared a much purer from in 1953 from which the chemical and physical properties of the element could be determined. Thermal conductivity: 34.9 W m ‑1 K ‑1; Coefficient of linear thermal expansion: 26.3 × 10 ‑6 K ‑1; Optical properties Ytterbium went by at least four names, including ytterbium, ytterbia, erbia, and neoytterbia, when it wasn't altogether confused with another element. Ytterbium compounds are capable of absorbing light in the near infra red part of the electromagnetic spectrum, which has been exploited to convert radiant energy into electrical energy in devices coupled to solar … Today, ytterbium is primarily obtained through an ion exchange process from monazite sand ((Ce, La, Th, Nd, Y)PO 4), a material rich in rare earth elements. Ytterbium is found with other rare earth elements in several rare minerals. Even though the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in closed containers to protect it from air and moisture. 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